Further little research on the analysis of outcome studies of therapies on the relationship factor of four area of therapeutic factors contributed to the positive change in people – this is from Michael J. Lambert in 1992.
- client factor / extratherapeutic change (40%), those factors that are qualities of the client or qualities of his or her environment and that aid in recovery regardless of his or her participation in therapy (i.e. factors that are not related to/ outside of the treatment);
- relationship factors // common factors (30%) that are found in a variety of therapy approaches, such as empathy and the therapeutic relationship
- expectation / expectancy (15%), the portion of improvement that results from the client’s expectation of help or belief in the rationale or effectiveness of therapy]
- techniques (10%) (some says 15%  ), those factors unique to specific therapies and tailored to treatment of specific problems.
Remarks – Given that the session last for 50-minute once or occasionally twice a week but contributing 40%-45% of a successful therapy … this is far from insignificant :O
 Wikipedia, “Common factors theory”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_factors_theory (Accessed 4th Oct, 2015)
 Cynthia Franklin, Rowena Fong eds., The Church Leader’s Counseling Resource Book: A Guide to Mental Health and Social Problems, Oxford University Press (2011) p.173
(Extracted from part of my assignment)